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What is the general physiology of human skin?

Skin is the largest organ of the body surface (about 16% of body weight) between 2 and 2.6 m2. Functionally, it is the most versatile organ of the human body and it is used as a border inside and out (cover organ). It provides protection against environmental effects and it is used for presentation and communication while protecting inner human balance. Besides that, skin takes over important functions in our metabolism and immunity fields and disposes of many adjustable mechanisms. Based on close connections with our psyche, it is called the “mirror of our soul“.

DOES SKIN BREATHE?

Women usually say that skin breathes better when they remove layers of cream or foundation. The truth is, oxygen and nutrients come in skin cells via the blood system, not from the air. However, through external layers, skin eliminates poisons, sweat, oils and absorbs moisture from the air, so a thicker layer of cream or foundation may prevent normal functioning of the skin. Regarding this, they prevent the normal absorption of substances and the elimination of harmful ones, but not the supply of oxygen.

WHAT PH VALUE DOES SKIN HAVE?

The pH of skin is between 5 and 6. Maintaining an appropriate pH physiologically is important for maintaining the skin's equilibrium so pathogens will not influence it.

WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN CHILDREN'S AND ADULTS’ SKIN?

Children's and adults’ skin differs in atomic and physiological characteristics. Children's skin is thinner, it has more limited protection and weaker heat regulation than adults’. That is the reason why children's skin is very sensitive to chemical, physical and microbiological influences. A child’s skin, regarding its function and structure, starts to look like adult skin at the age of 12, and by then proper care is extremely important. It is very important to use moisturizing products to soothe any dryness of children's skin.

WHAT ARE STRETCH MARKS?

Part of the skin (dermis) loses its resistance and stretch marks appear. The most common places where they occur are: the lateral parts of the thighs, the abdomen and around the navel and breasts. Stretch marks mostly appear during pregnancy, puberty and during diets for weight loss.


WHAT IS ATOPIC DERMATITIS?

Atopic dermatitis is an increasingly common skin disorder; it is an allergic reaction of the skin that attacks extremely dry skin. To reduce the frequency of this type of dermatitis it is necessary to avoid contact with allergens and regularly apply creams that soothe the skin.

WHY SHOULD SKIN BE NOURISHED?

Skin should be nourished because of internal and external disturbances. Internal disturbances are: age, stress, unbalanced diet, excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages, hormonal and genetic factors, etc. External disturbances are: wind, dry air, exposure to chemicals, exposure to sunlight, central heating, air-conditioned rooms, etc. These changes lead to skin imbalance, the physiological activity of the skin is slow and it is slowly changing.

HOW TO NOURISH SKIN?

The first and most important step in skin nourishing is facial cleansing. Cleaning frees the face of any variety of dirt, sweat and residual make up. Unclean skin is prone to acne, pores are clogged, and skin has a greasy shine, it is easy to get irritated and increasingly loses moisture. By cleansing, clogged pores are being unclogged, excess fat is being removed and skin becomes fresh, smooth and supple. Facial cleansing provides a sense of refreshment and relaxation. It is important that products used for facial cleansing are mild and that they supply the skin with enough moisture.

WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF NATURAL COSMETICS?

Natural cosmetics are very trendy, and they are most often associated with products containing herbal raw materials (herbal oils and extracts, essential oils) or products that are not tested on animals. The advantage of natural cosmetics over commercial products is that they use natural ingredients, very similar to the composition of the skin. Skin recognizes substances from natural cosmetics, and builds them into their cells, which is not the case with synthetic ingredients. Besides that, commercial cosmetics contain preservatives so their products can be stored on shelves for a long time, but they often irritate skin and cause allergies.

ARE PRODUCTS WITHOUT PRESERVATIVES LONG-LASTING?

In order to prevent contamination by bacteria and fungi, the stability of products is increased by the exceptional hygiene in the preparation, filling and storage. They can have their pH value changed (slightly acidic pH prevents the growth of bacteria), various alcohols may be added that increase stability (benzyl alcohol acts as a natural preservative, ethanol derived from sugar cane acts as a disinfectant and as a natural preservative). Other additions include some essential oils (limonene and linalool are elements in almost all essential oils and they are natural preservatives), vitamin E or particular extracts (grapefruit seed extract, rosemary and forest lichen). The latter prevent contamination and guarantee a longer shelf-life (up to three years).

WHAT ARE ESSENTIAL OILS?

Essential oils nourish the skin, act as an anti-inflammatory and antibacterial in a way so as to keep good bacteria and destroy pathogens. One more thing, most essential oils have a positive effect on the central nervous system, so aromacosmetics will stimulate good mood.

WHAT ARE HYPOALLERGENIC COSMETICS?

This is a special group of cosmetic products where the composition and preparation method reduce the risk of allergic reactions while achieving a complete cosmetic effect. Products like this do not usually have fragrances, although their composition is simple without adding unnecessary raw materials, higher amounts of components means a higher possibility of additional actions. Various cosmetic products that do not act as the primary toxic agent may eventually still provoke specific skin sensitivity.

WHAT DOES INCI STAND FOR?

International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredients, abbreviated INCI, is a name system for ingredients of cosmetic products that ensures maximum transparency for consumers. This nomenclature is written on product packaging and it is in unison at the international level.

DO SOME PRODUCTS HAVE A REJUVENATING EFFECT?

Unfortunately, there are no products that can greatly rejuvenate the skin. Due to the natural aging process, our skin becomes loose and the amount of lipids that lies beneath its surface decreases. The results are wrinkles and other visible signs of aging. Even the most expensive creams that are advertised as an elixir of youth cannot stop this process. However, some products can temporarily tighten, strengthen and moisturize the skin to look younger.

IS IT TRUE THAT A BIGGER AMOUNT OF CREAM INTENSIFIES ITS ACTIVITY?

There is no need to burden the skin because it has limits absorbing the cream. A much better effect is achieved by regular use and the recommended mode of application (massage, tapping with your fingers, etc.).

ARE BIOBAZA PRODUCTS TESTED ON ANIMALS?

NO. Biobaza does not use ingredients tested on animals, as certified by the suppliers of raw materials, in the production of their products. BIOBAZA end products are also not tested on animals.

HOW TO NOURISH BABY AND TODDLER SKIN

From birth to one year of age we advise bathing in warm water with a teaspoon of organic olive oil and Protective baby cream at diaper changes on the diaper area and dry parts. After one year of age we recommend washing with mild natural shampoo (Biobaza KIDS line). Mix a small amount of shampoo with water, foam on the skin or hair and rinse thoroughly with water.

CAN PREGNANT AND LACTATING WOMEN USE ANTI-CELLULITE PRODUCTS?

Pregnant women and nursing mothers are not recommended to use anti-cellulite products, even those of natural cosmetics, because they activate the lymphatic system by elimination of toxins from the body, which are then excreted in breast milk and can be harmful to a child's development.

FROM WHAT AGE IS IT RECOMMENDED TO USE ANTI-CELLULITE PRODUCTS?

From sixteen years old.

DOES BIOBAZA SUN LINE CONTAIN ANY UV PROTECTION FACTOR?

Biobaza “jams“, self-tanning lotion and after-sun skin care lotions do not contain any UV protection factor.

Biobaza BEE BALM SUN THERAPY contains SPF 15 (medium protection from the sun). We encourage responsible sun exposure – up to 10 am in the morning and from 4 pm in the afternoon. Before using the “jam“, we advise you to apply a sunscreen to avoid sunburn and redness caused by harmful sun rays.

SHOULD PREGNANT WOMEN USE BIOBAZA PRODUCTS FROM THE SUN COLLECTION?

They can. BIOBAZA products are natural and do not contain ingredients harmful for the growth and development of the baby, but sun exposure is not recommended for pregnant women because it heats the bloodstream. If you are pregnant and you want to sunbathe, we recommend that you do so after 6 pm when the sun rays are weaker.

WHY IS THE HARMONY HYDRADIANCE LINE (with parsley, borage and vitamin E) NOT RECOMMENDED FOR PREGNANT WOMEN AND NURSING MOTHERS?

This warning stands for the borage oil. Borage oil may contain hepatotoxic pyrrolizidine alkaloids which can damage the liver, and during breast-feeding can be found in breast milk and be harmful to children. According to the certificate and documentation of suppliers, these alkaloids are not found in the borage oil used for Biobaza products but scientists are cautious, no matter that the raw materials are certified as free from harmful alkaloids, they do not recommend the use of cosmetic products with borage oil for pregnant and nursing women.

HOW CAN THE AMOUNT OF NATURAL INGREDIENTS BE CALCULATED?

The percentage is calculated based on the share (%) of raw materials of natural origin according to the original certificates of the suppliers. For now there is no general and unambiguous definition, and there is no legislation in the EU, or even in the world, which regulates what are natural cosmetics and what are not. In 2010 COSMetic Organic Standard (COSMOS) was created in the EU for a common European regulation of natural cosmetics. Only the German association of manufacturers created their own less demanding and stringent standard of COSMOS. For the products in the EU that are imported from the United States the USDA Organic (USA) standard is used. According to these standards, for a cosmetic product to be considered natural it must fulfill the following conditions: the product must contain herbal raw materials (herbal oils, essential oils, plant extracts), raw materials obtained from minerals, they may not be tested on animals or contain raw materials with animal origin and must not contain genetically modified ingredients. Emulsifiers and surfactants derived from natural sources are allowed up to a certain limited amount. A natural cosmetic product should not contain synthetic fragrances, colors or preservatives, only certain nature-identical preservatives are allowed. Generally accepted EU standards agree that ingredients obtained chemically from natural sources are also considered natural ingredients, but the types of permitted chemical processes are prescribed. All raw materials must be legally purchased.

Biobaza cosmetic products meet all these requirements. The Biobaza line of natural cosmetics is produced from traditional recipes. It is a line of exclusive natural cosmetics of pharmaceutical quality made of high-quality natural ingredients. Biobaza products are not positioned as organic (or bio) cosmetics.

WHY CAN NATURAL COSMETICS ALSO CAUSE SKIN IRRITATIONS AND REDNESS?

Herbal extracts are very complex and contain many high-grade active ingredients. Scientists constantly examine the effectiveness and side effects of plant substances with pharmacological action and they are constantly coming up with new information on possible side effects. Furthermore, the skin is a very individual organ and it is prone to redness and allergic reactions. If you notice any skin redness or a tingling/burning feeling while using natural cosmetics it is probably because your skin does not combine well with some of the herbal ingredients or substances that are found naturally in certain plant extracts. The good news is that the skin is quickly restored and the normal process of renewal is initiated shortly after the irritation. If hypersensitivity and/or reactions occur, we advise you to stop using the product. 

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